Lin Peng holds the title of Krell Chair Professor of Finance at Baruch College, the City University of New York, where she also serves as the coordinator of the Ph.D. program in Finance and as a liaison of the Academic Female Finance Committee (AFFECT) of the American Finance Association. Furthermore, Professor Peng is an associate editor for Management Science and the Journal of Empirical Finance. She is also a visiting scholar at Princeton University and serves on the management committee for the Keynes Fund for Applied Economics at the University of Cambridge. 

Professor Peng has extensive expertise in the areas of social networks and behavioral finance, ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) and sustainable finance, and FinTech. Her expertise has been featured by media outlets such as the Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, Reuters, Institutional Investor, United Nations Principles of Responsible Investment (UNPRI) Newsletter, Cambridge University News, UCLA Anderson Review, Cai Jing Journal, Fast Company, and Alpha Architect. Professor Peng has been named an honoree of AACSB's 2024 Influential Leaders for her research in advancing new knowledge and creating impact in business and society. Her research has been invited to be presented at the US Securities and Exchange Commission, Federal Reserve Bank’s Board of Governors, European Securities and Markets Authority, Bank of England, China Securities Regulatory Commission, and many leading universities and numerous conferences in Economics, Finance, Accounting, and Law.

Professor Peng has published her work in leading economics and finance journals, with many among the top 50 journals as ranked by the Financial Times, including the American Economic Review, Journal of Finance (lead article), Review of Financial Studies, and Journal of Financial Economics. She has won various grants and awards for her research, including the UNPRI Research Award, Keynes Fund for Applied Economics Research Award, and the Institute for Quantitative Research in Finance Research Award. She has also received Best Paper Awards at multiple leading conferences.

Her current research focuses on designing CEO incentive contracts that encourage corporate social responsibility and utilizing big data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning techniques to analyze the role of social networks in financial markets. She has taught various courses at the undergraduate, master's, and doctoral levels and has been honored with the Zicklin School's Teaching Excellence Award. She has advised over 30 doctoral students, many of whom are now teaching in leading universities across North America, Asia, and Europe.

Professor Peng was previously a Director of Research and Visiting Professor at the University of Cambridge, a Professorial Fellow at Darwin College, and a visiting professor at Princeton University, Columbia University, Chinese University of Hong Kong Shenzhen, and Peking University. She was an associate editor for Financial Management. She received an MA in Biology from Wesleyan University and a Ph.D. in Finance from Duke University.